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Sport en alternatieve geneeskunde

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De olympische spelen. Dat brengt China in het vizier. En natuurlijk wat je allemaal kan doen vanuit alternatkef en complementair perspectief om topsport mogelijk te maken! Dat is meer dan alleen supplementen. Wie kent Ted Troost niet, de haptonoom die sporters als Ruud Gullit, Marco v Basten en Richard Krajicek met succes behandelde? En er is zelfs een vakboek over sport en alternatieve behandelwijzen! 

Topsport, steeds de grenzen verder zoeken en leggen. Alternatieve geneeskunde kan daarbij helpen. We bespreken enkele boeiende feiten op het gebied van de topsport en alternatieve geneeskunde. 

Over acupunctuur en sport

….doctors at the healing centre of Beijing Sports University use acupuncture to treat about 70% of the chronic and acute muscle injuries they deal with. More severe problems, which might require surgery, are referred to the Number Three Hospital of Beijing University or the Sports Hospital of the National Training Bureau, where China’s leading track-and-field athletes are based. Many sports doctors in China also offer acupuncture for the treatment and relaxation of muscles. 

Other traditional techniques include moxibustion for rheumatism—a common ailment among athletes—and regular massages, usually in the evenings, for prevention of sports-related injuries. “We use a mix of modern western and older Chinese techniques”, says Jiao. “I believe both are effective, but almost all of the athletes insist on traditional medicine. If we use only physical therapy, they accuse us of neglecting them because the effects are less apparent.” Li Quanyi, who has been doctor of the national gymnastics team for 5 years, agrees: “The relationship between Chinese sports medicine and western sports medicine is complementary, but I prefer Chinese medicine, so I use acupuncture, cupping, massage, and herbs in 60–70% of the cases I deal with.”    

Bron: Feature Olympian pins and needles, by Jonathan Watts. Lancet 2005: 366: S62–S63  

Acupunctuur, maar ook Rolfing en prolotherapie

The last time professional triathlete Susanne Martineau’s stiff shoulders hampered her workouts, she didn’t turn to her usual trainer at the U.S. Olympic Training Center for help. Instead, she went to see an acupuncturist. When Kristen Ulmer, an extreme skier who is known for her dating cliff jumps, needed treatment for a debilitating knee injury, she sought out Rolfing. And whenever world champion cyclist Karen Kurreck has sore hamstrings, she says, "My fast step is to try physical therapy, which I can get at my chiropractor’s office. If I went to a regular doctor, he would most likely tell me not to ride." 

Many famous athletes swear by alternative therapy: Lindsay Davenport relies on magnets, Martina Hingis on massage and mountain biker Missy Giove on something called prolotherapy.

Atleten zelf aan het woord:

Altijd goed om de mensen die ervaring hebben zelf te horen.  


"The effect is instant," says Susanne Martineau, a triathlete who competes for the USA Triathlon National Team and trains five hours a day, six days a week. Acupuncture, she says, relieves the muscular pain and tightness that frequently bother her neck and shoulders. 


"Between the time I spend traveling and the time I spend on my bike, either my back or my neck is always locked up," says cyclist Kurreck. She’s found that when something in her spine is out of whack, it affects her posture on her bike, which she believes could ultimately lead to more serious injuries. "Chiropractic is kind of like stretching," she says. "It keeps me loose, it keeps me mobile." 

Hyperbare zuurstof: 

"I’ve found its best benefits are in treating bad contusions and fractures," says Michael Ryan, head athletic trainer and physical therapist for the NFL’s Jacksonville Jaguars. "A deep thigh bruise, for instance, can be very debilitating. The hyperbaric chamber, used as early intervention, slows the inflammatory process and allows you to implement more aggressive rehabilitation." 


Ulmer was desperate to find relief from her chronic knee pain. So after her most recent surgery, she rested her knee and signed up for 10 treatments with Boccalandro. By the time she’d been Rolfed from head to toe, she was pain-free for the first time in years and is back on the slopes. 


Over the past few years, Claudia Lebenthal, a self-described competitive recreational athlete (and visual features editor of this magazine), sought relief for her back and hip pain from several doctors and physical therapists, none of whom was able to help. On the advice of one of her physicians, she tried prolotherapy. "I felt better for a while, but the pain came back," she says. She isn’t giving up on it, though. "I know it can take about six treatments for it to work, and I’m willing to keep trying if nothing else works." 

Bron van citaten:

Sports medicine’s new ALTERNATIVES. By: Sullivan, Dana, Women’s Sports & Fitness (10996079), 10996079, Jul/Aug99, Vol. 2, Issue 5 

Onderwijs en vakboeken over alternatieve behandelingen en sportgeneeskunde.

In Australie nemen ze het echt pas serieus. Daar is een heuse opleiding, waarna je een echt diploma krijgt. Het " Advanced Diploma In Complementary Medicine (Sports Therapy)".

En er is ook een Engelstalig vakboek op dit gebied. Het is: 

Philip Maffetone, Complementary Sports MedicineCopyright 1999 ISBN: 0880118695 ISBN13: 9780880118699440pp 



Een idee van de inhoud:

Chapter 1. Philosophy of Complementary Sports Medicine
Chapter 2. Definitions for Complementary Sports Medicine
Chapter 3. Complementary Medicine Specialties
Chapter 4. Metabolism and Energy Production
Chapter 5. Neuromuscular Systems
Chapter 6. Hormonal Systems
Chapter 7. Patient History and Dialogue
Chapter 8. Functioning Testing and Interpretation
Chapter 9. Assessing Posture, Gait, and the Neuromuscular System
Chapter 10. Muscle Testing Procedures
Chapter 11. Applied Kinesiology Assessment
Chapter 12. Assessments of Aerobic and Anaerobic Function
Chapter 13. Heart Rate Monitor Assessments
Chapter 14. Treatment of Muscle and Neurological Dysfunction
Chapter 15. Treatment of Cranial and Pelvic Dysfunction
Chapter 16. Treatment of Vertebral and Extravertebral Dysfunction
Chapter 17. Pain and Pain Control
Chapter 18. Diet Therapy
Chapter 19. Nutritional Supplement Therapy
Chapter 20. Ergogenic and Therapeutic Nourishment: Water, Sports Drinks, and Energy Bars
Chapter 21. Practitioner’s Role in Training and Competition
Chapter 22. Training and Competition Schedules
Chapter 23. The Overtraining Syndrome
Chapter 24. Training and Competitive Footware
Chapter 25. Carbohydrate Intolerance in Athletes
Chapter 26. Weight and Fat Control
Chapter 27. The Athlete’s Triad of Dysfunction

Chapter 28. Physical, Chemical, and Mental/Emotional 

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